Story of “The Dragonfly”

Once, in a little pond, in the muddy water under the lily pads, there lived a little water beetle in a community of water beetles.  They lived a simple and comfortable life in the pond with few disturbances and interruptions. Once in a while, sadness would come to the community when one of their fellow beetles would climb the stem of a lily pad and would never be seen again.  They knew when this happened; their friend was dead, gone forever. Then, one day, one little water beetle felt an irresistible urge to climb up that stem.  However, he was determined that he would not leave forever.  He would come back and tell his friends what he had found at the top. When he reached the top and climbed out of the water onto the surface of the lily pad, he was so tired, and the sun felt so warm, that he decided he must take a nap.  As he slept, his body changed and when he woke up, he had turned into a beautiful blue-tailed dragonfly with broad wings and a slender body designed for flying. So, fly he did!  And, as he soared he saw the beauty of a whole new world and a far superior way of life to what he had never known existed. Then he remembered his beetle friends and how they were thinking by now he was dead.  He wanted to go back to tell them, and explain to them that he was now more alive than he had ever been before.  His life had been fulfilled rather than ended. But, his new body would not go down into the water.  He could not get back to tell his friends the good news.  Then he understood that their time would come, when they, too, would know what he now knew.  So, he raised his wings and flew off into his joyous new life! ~Author Unknown~

Symbolism of the Dragonfly

Traditionally, the dragonfly is the symbol of transformation and life's ever-constant process of change. When a dragonfly lands on you, you will hear excellent news from someone far away from home. A dead dragonfly symbolizes sad news. Dragonfly symbolism crosses and combines with that of the butterfly and change. The dragonfly symbolizes going past self-created illusions that limit our growing and changing. Dragonflies are a symbol of the sense of self that comes with maturity. They are fantastic flyers, darting like light, twisting, turning, changing direction, even going backwards as the need arises. They are inhabitants of two realms - starting with water, and moving to the air with maturity, but staying close to water. Some people who have the dragonfly as their totem have had emotional and passionate early years, but as they get older they achieve balance with mental clarity and control. They gain an expression of the emotional and mental together. Dragonflies are old and adaptive insects, and are most powerful in the summer under the effects of warmth and sunlight. Their colors are a result of reflecting and refracting the power of light. As a result, they are associated with color magic, illusion in causing others only to see what you wish, and other mysticism. They are often represented in Japanese paintings, representing new light and joy. To some Native Americans they are the souls of the dead. Faerie stories say that they used to be real dragons. Dragonflies are reminders that we are light and can reflect the light in powerful ways if we choose to do so. "Let there be light" is the divine prompting to use the creative imagination as a force within your life. Dragonflies help you to see through your illusions and allow your own light to shine in a new vision. ~Author Unknown~

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This following information includes gemstone descriptions, history, legends and folklore about a few of the gemstones offered in Melson Gem Crafts’ designs.
Watch this space for additions to gemstone information.

Agate:

Agate is a variety of chalcedony formed from layers of quartz which usually show varicolored bands. It usually occurs as rounded nodules or veins.Although agates may be found in various kinds of rock, they are classically associated with volcanic rocks and can be common in certain metamorphic rocks. Agates come in every color of the rainbow and are found worldwide with primary sources in Africa, Asia, Brazil, Egypt, Germany, India, Italy, Mexico, Nepal, and the USA. Agates are the mystical birthstone of September and the gemstone for the 12th and 14th wedding anniversaries.

The stone was given its name by Theophrastus, a Greek philosopher and naturalist, who discovered the stone along the shore line of the river Achates (Greek:
χάτης) sometime between the 4th and 3rd centuries BC Colorful agates and other chalcedonies were obtained over 3,000 years ago from the Achates River, now called Dirillo, in Sicily. Agate is one of the most common materials used in the art of hardstone carving, and has been recovered at a number of ancient sites, indicating its widespread use in the ancient world; for example, archaeological recovery at the Knossos site on Crete illustrates its role in Bronze Age Minoan culture.

Agate is believed to discern truth, accept circumstances, and is a powerful emotional healer. Legend says that agate improves memory and concentration and increases analytical talents, increases stamina, encourages honesty, prevents insomnia and insures pleasant dreams, enhances personal courage and protects one against danger. Agate is said to be particularly beneficial to people born under the sign of Gemini as it helps them to remain calm and focused. 
 
Green Agate:  In this stone, the spiritual power of green is combined with that of agate. According to modern healers who use stones in healing, green agate corresponds to someone who is compassionate, generous, has good fortune and a keen sense of justice. It also encourages those traits in others. Perhaps we'd all be happier if more people started wearing green agate.
 
Amazonite:
 
Amazonite is a mostly opaque stone textured with pale milky-white cloudiness or streaking ranging from light green to greenish blue to deep green/blue. Amazonite (also called Amazon Stone and Amazon Jade) is microcline feldspar composed of potassium aluminum. Its color is due to lead impurities. The stone can also include cloudy white streaks and patches. Because of its color, Amazonite is sometimes confused with Jade and Turquoise.
 
Amazonite is said to help clarify and improve thinking, to bestow truth, honor and integrity on its wearer. It is also associated with the throat, heart, and nervous system. As such, amazonite is thought to soothe tense situations and to enhance love.

Amethyst:

Amethyst is a naturally-occurring, macrocrystalline (meaning large crystal formations) variety of quartz. Geodes containing amethyst crystals are formed when clay, silt, sand or gravel are deposited and compacted by running water. The geodes containing the amethyst crystals often reach several feet in height. This majestic gemstone ranges in color from deep purple to pale lavender depending on the presence of manganese and iron. Amethyst can also appear reddish-purple or yellow-purple depending on the combination of minerals present in the clear quartz. Some of the largest amethyst geodes have been found in Brazil. Other locations where amethyst is mined include Sri Lanka, India, Uruguay, Madagascar, Germany, Australia, Mexico, Africa, Russia and the United States.

Leonardo Da Vinci once wrote that amethyst holds the power to dissipate evil thoughts and quicken one's intelligence. Healers have been using amethyst to increase their psychic abilities and intuition for centuries. Cross-culturally, this popular gemstone was used as a symbol of peace and unification. It is also thought to evoke feelings of serenity and calmness in those who wear it. Amethyst is often used during meditation to provide an overall sense of spiritual balance. Some naturopaths will use amethyst to help treat insomnia and sugar imbalances, and to relieve headaches. Still others say that amethyst increases vivid dreams, relieves depression, Helps with left brain imbalances; edginess; facilitates healing; inner peace; psychic insight; stimulates third eye; spiritual opening and internal surrender.

 
Apatite:
 
Apatite is the color of beautiful tropical waters. Its name is derived from the Greek word apate, which means, "to deceive." Apatite is calcium phosphate combined with fluorine, chlorine or hydroxyl. These three minerals are usually found in every specimen but some specimens have been known to have 100% of one or the other. It is often hard to spot the difference between the three minerals in hand samples of this stone. Therefore, they are often considered together in apatite. This stone is fragile and very sensitive to chemicals with a Mohs rating of 5.

Apatite is believed to decrease appetite (hunger) as well as enhance insight, creativity and learning. It is said that wearing apatite will enhance focus, clarity for concentration, intellect, acceptance, and unconditional love. This acceptance and unconditional love relates to the self as well as from others.

Aquamarine:

Aquamarine, a splendid blue gemstone whose name originates from the Italian word for seawater, embodies the splendor of the sea. A member of the beryl family, aquamarine is a sister to the rich green emerald. It can be found in a range of pale blue hues and aqua green colors. Aquamarine’s natural blue and green come from ferrous iron and metallic ions. Aquamarine gemstones are found in a number of exotic places including Nigeria, Madagascar, Zambia, Pakistan and Mozambique, and the most brilliant blue varieties of the gemstones available today come from Brazil.

Aquamarines have much lore surrounding them throughout history. During the Middle Ages, aquamarines were believed to have powers of revelation.  It was common to carve gazing balls for fortune telling or to suspend an aquamarine crystal on a string over a bowl of water in order to divine messages as the stone disturbed the surface or touched letters drawn on the bowl's rim. The Romans believed that if a frog were carved onto an aquamarine stone, it would reconcile enemies and make them friends. The Greeks and the Romans revered the aquamarine as a sailor's stone of protection and it was commonly worn to ensure a safe and prosperous passage across stormy seas. The Sumerians, Egyptians, and Hebrews also admired and valued aquamarine gemstones. As far back as 480 BC, legends refer to aquamarine as the treasure of Atlantis and the treasure of mermaids, with the power to keep sailors safe at sea. 

Aquamarine is often used as a ''good luck'' stone, thought to bring feelings of peace, love, joy and happiness to those who wear it. Today, aquamarine is still thought to bring protection to those at sea and is a popular gift among ocean travelers. On land, it is believed to have soothing effects on couples, helping them to work through their differences and ensure a long and happy marriage. It is also considered to be the stone of energy, courage and preparedness and is believed to help maintain balance and order. If you dream of aquamarine, it is said that you will make new friends, and wearing earrings of aquamarine are thought to bring love and affection into your life. In the language of gemstones, aquamarine represents happiness, hope and everlasting youth.

Carnelian:

Carnelian is a variety of chalcedony and is microcrystalline quartz. It appears in a vibrant range of fire-orange reds to brown-reds and has a dull, waxy luster (as opposed to the vitreous quality of crystal quartzes such as amethyst). The reddish tints in the translucent stone are due to one of its ingredients: iron oxide. Carnelian is found in India, Brazil and Uruguay. In India, the stone is treated with exposure to the sun that turns brownish tints to purer reds

Named after the red-orange Kornel cherry, carnelian was believed by the Romans to be a stone of courage--able to shore up confidence and strength. In ancient Egypt, the stone was placed on mummies to assist the dead in their journey to the afterlife. From antiquity, carnelian has been worn in cameos in the belief that it will ward off insanity and depression. In contemporary times, carnelian is thought by some to enhance self esteem, to combat feelings of inadequacy, and to increase physical energy. In the home, it is sometimes used as a talisman to protect against fire and misfortune. Carnelian is associated with the solar plexus chakra (the yellow chakra), in which imbalances are thought to cause digestive problems, as well as lack of confidence.

Chalcedony:

Traditionally defined as a fibrous cryptocrystalline variety of Quartz, more recently, it has been shown that much Chalcedony is a mixture of Quartz and Mogánite. The most prized Chalcedony comes from India, Madagascar, Burma, Brazil, Mexico & USA. Chalcedony is one of the most collected gemstones
today.

The Romans prized chalcedony as seals and the Victorians carved them into an endless array of cameos and intaglios. Chalcedony was used in Renaissance magic for health and safety. In all ages chalcedony has been the stone most used by the gem engraver, and many colored varieties are still cut and polished as ornamental stones.

This beautiful stone is believed by many to banish fear, hysteria, depression, mental illness and sadness. Chalcedony reduces fever. Wearing chalcedony is believed to be excellent for eyes. In addition, Chalcedony is believed to prevent touchiness and melancholy, to promote calm and peace, and to stimulate creativity.

Citrine:
Due to its color, citrine is sometimes confused with yellow topaz, yellow beryl and yellow tourmaline. Gem-quality transparent specimens of citrine with good color are very rare. The best citrine comes from Brazil, Madagascar and the former USSR. The stone is also found in Colorado, Spain, France and Scotland. Citrine is a macrocrystalline form of quartz, as are amethyst, aventurine and rose quartz. It is a mineral based on silicon dioxide. Most citrine on the market today is amethyst or smoky quartz which has been heated to achieve the golden, citrine color.

From the earliest of times, citrine was called the "sun stone" and the gemstone was thought capable of holding sunlight and useful in the protection from snakebite. Its color was associated with gold and it became known as the merchant's stone. It was thought to improve communication and to attract wealth. To the Romans, it was the stone of Mercury, the messenger god, and it was used for carving intaglios.

The color of the solar plexus chakra is yellow, so citrine is associated with this chakra. It is thought to have a positive influence that can relieve backache, and combat depression and problems with the liver, spleen, digestive system and the bladder. Some believe that the gemstone can help promote prosperity.

Fluorite:

Fluorite (also called fluorspar) is a halide mineral composed of calcium fluoride. Fluorite is a colorful mineral, both in visible light and often under ultraviolet. Fluorite comes in a wide range of colors and has subsequently been dubbed "the most colorful mineral in the world". The most common colors are purple, blue, green, yellow, or colorless. Less common are pink, red, white, brown, black, and nearly every shade in between. Color zoning or banding is commonly present. The color of the fluorite is determined by factors including impurities, exposure to radiation, and the size of the color centers. Notable deposits occur in China, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, England, Norway, Mexico, and both the Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada. Large deposits also occur in Kenya in the Kerio Valley area within the Great Rift Valley. In the United States, deposits are found in Missouri, Oklahoma, Illinois, Kentucky, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Ohio, New Hampshire, New York, Alaska, and Texas.

The ancient Egyptians used flourite to carve statues and scarabs, the Chinese have used it in carvings for over 300 years. In the 18th century, fluorite was powdered in water to relieve the symptoms of kidney disease.

Fluorite is said to absorb and neutralize negative vibrations. It makes one more receptive to the vibrations of other stones. Fluorite should be kept in every room of the home. Fluorite is known as the "Genius Stone" because it increases concentration and helps in decision-making.” Fluorite helps to open the way for the power of other stones to be effective. It can be used as a meditation stone to help energize the body and raise the power of concentration.

Did you know?? Industrially, fluorite is used as a flux for smelting, and in the production of certain glasses and enamels. The purest grades of fluorite are a source of fluoride for hydrofluoric acid manufacture, which is the intermediate source of most fluorine-containing fine chemicals. Optically-clear transparent fluorite lenses have low dispersion, so lenses made from it exhibit less chromatic aberration, making them valuable in microscopes and telescopes. Fluorite optics are also usable in the far-ultraviolet range where conventional glasses are too absorbent for use.

Garnet:

Found in Africa, India, Russia, South America, Madagascar, Pakistan and the United States, garnets are the official birthstone of January. These beautiful stones are found in every color except blue and come in a number of diverse groups that include: almandine, pyrope, spessartine, grossular, andradite, mozambique and uvarovite. Its deep wine red color results from iron and chromium.

• Rhodolite is a purplish red.
• Hessonite is the name for an orange, cinnamon, or pinkish variety.
• Tsavorite is the name given to dark green grossularite. Uvarovite and demantoid are also green varieties.
• Pyrope garnets are purplish red, orangey red, crimson, or dark red.
• Spessartite garnets range from yellow and orange through red to reddish brown to dark black/brown.
 
In the middle ages, garnet was commonly believed to guard against poison. Royals would often drop a garnet gemstone into a glass of wine to ensure they were not poisoned to death. Garnets were also worn by the crusaders as an aid to safely find their way home. Eastern European folktales speak of garnets being worn around the neck to guard against night-wandering vampires. Garnets were also used in burial jewelry and carved signet rings to proclaim royalty during the Bronze Age (300 BC).

Many believe that garnets hold powers that include healing, strength, and protection and it is often worn to relieve inflammations of the skin. It is also believed to regulate the heart and blood flow and aid in curing depression. It is also believed to be beneficial in business. The stone can attract people to the wearer, which can help provide personal and business success. It is especially beneficial to people wanting to start home businesses.  In earlier times, garnets were exchanged as gifts between friends to demonstrate their affection for each other and to insure that they meet again.

Hemimorphite:

Hemimorphite, mined in Siberia, is one of the more common sorosilicates. Hemimorphite gets the name from its polar or hemimorphic crystals. The "hemi" means half while the "morph" means shape and thus hemimorphite is aptly named.

Hemimorphite is a name relatively new in mineralogy. Familiarity with this zinc silicate goes back to ancient history. Previous names included calamine, galmei, and zinc silicate. Because of similarities in color and habit, hemimorphite was often confused with smithsonite.

Hemimorphite, a Libra birthstone, is believed by many to be a powerful healing stone, which allows us to tap into ancient healing techniques via meditation. Hemimorphite brings good fortune and good luck, fosters enthusiasm, optimism, high energy and the ability to stay excited about a project right through the end. Hemimorphite is a stone that brings joy and creativity to one's life.

Jasper:

Jasper is an opaque and fine grained variety of chalcedony, found in all colors including: red, brown, pink, yellow, green, grey/white and shades of blue and purple. It often contains organic material and mineral oxides which give it interesting patterns, bands and colors. Many of these patterns resemble landscapes with mountains and valleys, thus the name "picture" is part of the name of many well know jaspers. Jaspers are found worldwide, with a wide variety of named jaspers found in the western areas of the Unites States; California, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Wyoming and Washington.

• Picture Jasper is a petrified or silicated mud that dripped into gas pockets in molten lava. It became superheated and then solidified forming the unusual banded patterns which are typical of this stone.
• Brecciated Jasper is found in rich browns, brick reds and creams blended. Some dark gray striations may appear. The name jasper comes from the Greek for "spotted stone." In brecciated jasper, the rich colors are swirled through the stone.
• Leopardskin Jasper is said to have spiritual values that are very connected to the physical body. It is credited with supporting and strengthening the spine and thigh muscles, giving us the strength to take action gracefully and powerfully. It serves as a reminder of the oneness we have with the natural world around us.

Jasper is one of the birthstones listed for the Sun Sign of Virgo and is also the mystical birthstone for the month of October. Jasper was a favorite gem in ancient times and is referenced in Greek, Hebrew, Assyrian and Latin literature. Legend says that Jasper drove away evil spirits and protected against snake and spider bites. In the fourth century, it was thought to bring about the rain. Today, many believe that it remains a powerful healing stone that is protective. It can align all the chakras and balance yin yang energies, it is stabilizing and healing.

Labradorite:

Labradorite is calcium sodium feldspar and possesses a Mohs hardness of 6 to 6.5. It is a soft grey/blue stone with lustrous blues and greens flashing inside it. Also called spectrolite, it is named for Labrador, the Canadian peninsula where it was first found in 1770. It is also located in Mexico, Russia and Finland.

Labradorite is a tremendously spiritual stone. It is especially helpful for people who tend to overwork. It helps us regain our energy and aids our bodies and spirits in healing themselves. Labradorite is thought by some to strengthen the will, inner strength and convictions and aids in combating addictions. Like the sound and glistening beauty of a gentle rain, this gemstone quiets us physically, emotionally and spiritually.

Blue Labradorite:  Also known as Larvikite, beautiful natural blue labradorite with grey/black background and chatoyant grey-blue flash. A type of feldspar with Mohs hardness of 6 to 6.5, this striking gemstone is named for the Larvik Fjords in Norway where it was first discovered in the 1880s, and where major deposits are still found. Machine-cut and drilled for consistent size, shape and drilling

Lapis Lazuli:

Lapis lazuli is a relatively rare semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense blue color. Until the Middle Ages, it was referred to by the name sapphire (from the Greek for the color blue). The beautiful mixture of textures of white calcite (cloudy, patchy) and pyrite (brassy feathering) gives lapis lazuli its characteristic look. The stone has other ingredients: lazurite, sodalite and hauyne. Lapis lazuli has been collected from mines in the Badakhshan province of Afghanistan for over 6,000 years. In addition to the Afghan deposits, lapis has been extracted for many years in the Andes (near Ovalle, Chile), the Lake Baikal region of Russia; Siberia; Angola; Burma; Pakistan; Canada; India; and in the USA in California and Colorado. Trade in the stone is ancient enough for lapis jewelry to have been found at Predynastic Egyptian and ancient Sumerian sites, and as lapis beads at neolithic burials in Mehrgarh, the Caucasus, and Mauritania.

Since the earliest of times, lapis lazuli has been associated with strength and courage. The Sumerians believed that the spirit of their gods lived within the stone. That theme was adopted by the ancient Egyptians, who drew a connection between the speckling of the stone and the glittering stars in the night sky. One of the most famous uses of the stone is in the mask of King Tutankhamen, where it is inlaid with turquoise and carnelian in bright gold. It was used by European artists during the Middle Ages, ground as pigment for producing the color aquamarine.

From antiquity, lapis lazuli has been worn in the belief that it will ward off evil. In ancient Egypt, it was powdered and worn about the eyes to improve eyesight. Today, it is considered by some to be an aid to balancing the brow chakra (which influences vision and hearing). Imbalances of the brow (or blue) chakra are said to cause headaches, anxiety and disorders of the skin.

Malachite:

The luxuriant, swirling patterns of malachite have striking light and dark green marbling that is unmistakable. The startling beauty of this stone has come to represent sensuality and beauty. Malachite is mainly a hydrous copper carbonate compound. It is the copper content of malachite that gives it the green color. The more water that is in the copper, the lighter it will be and the smaller an amount of water will make the green darker. The absence of water completely will produce a black striping.

The first culture to use malachite for adornment was ancient Egypt around 4,000 BC. The Egyptians used malachite as an ornamental stone in jewelry and art. The stone was imported from King Solomon's infamous copper mines on the Red Sea. Archeologists have found Egyptian tomb paintings using malachite gemstones that had been ground into paint that colored the walls. It was also ground into a fine dust and mixed with galena, a thick paste used to make kohl, on slate palettes to be painted onto eyelids as a cosmetic and talisman against evil. Vivid green malachite kohl is believed to be Cleopatra's favorite cosmetic, and she was buried with a large vase of it for use in her afterlife.

Malachite also played an important role in European paintings during the Renaissance period of the 15th and 16th centuries as a pigment for paints and dyes. It is believed that many of the green colors found in Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel painting were painted with malachite-based oil paints. One of the most common uses of malachite from the medieval through the Victorian times was to hang small pieces of malachite dangled from baby cribs and children's beds to help keep evil at bay, and to help children have peaceful sleep.

It was the Russian Romanov dynasty, however, that really made malachite synonymous with outlandish luxury. High quality malachite, discovered in 1635 in the foothills of the Urals, had become very fashionable for jewelry by 1820 and was frequently paired with gold and diamonds. In 1835, a malachite boulder of the highest quality was discovered that would take 21 years to unearth and bring to the surface. Slabs from this 260-ton gem were used to adorn the interior of two Russian palaces; creating malachite pillars, columns and encased walls. This same boulder also supplied enough malachite to encase eight of the ten huge Corinthian columns that support a two-hundred foot tall gilded altar in St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Malachite is the essence of joy and is known as the "stone of transformation" because it helps reveal and heal emotional pain by absorbing the pain into itself. It is especially helpful in bringing ease during times of change and gives the insight needed for personal growth. It can help a person get through tough transitional periods. This is a wonderful, empowering stone to wear when starting a new project or job or moving to a new home.
Malachite has been traditionally used to ward off danger and fight illness. It has been said to protect against falling and has been wrapped over bruises and broken bones to help with tissue regeneration and healing. Malachite tends to draw negative energy and disharmony into itself.

Overall, malachite is said to bring harmony into one's life. Wearing it can assist in the manifestation of the heart's desire and strengthen intuition.

Onyx or Onyx Marble:

Onyx is a form of chalcedony, which is a microcrystalline quartz. It is formed in the gas cavities of lava. Its multi-layering is similar to that of agates. When the stone has a black base and a white upper layer, it's called onyx. (Black onyx is uniformly black chalcedony.) When the base is brown, it is called Sardonyx. And carnelian-onyx has a red base.

Mystical magical onyx is sometimes called the "transmitter of light". Onyx is an believed by many to be a protective stone and that it enables objective thinking and spiritual inspiration, helps control of emotions & passions, helps eliminate negative thinking, apathy, stress & neurological disorders. Onyx is also used by some as a heart, kidney, nerve, capillary, hair, eye and nail strengthener.

The name "onyx" comes from the Greek for "fingernail," referring to the translucence of the white-colored layer of the multi-layered stone. According to myth, Cupid trimmed the nails of the sleeping Venus. The Fates turned those clippings into stone to prevent even a part of Venus from dying.
The Romans associated it with courage and it is thought to be useful when one is defending him/herself against unfair criticism.

Rhodochrosite

The Pantone color for this year is honeysuckle which is a lovely pink with the glamour it carries. With its daring, passionate elegance,  no gemstone is more luscious-looking than the deep pink to raspberry-color of rhodochrosite. Because it formed as stalagmites, of manganese carbonate, in Inca silver mines which were abandoned in the 13th century. As a result,  it is sometimes called Inca rose. Today, the world's main deposits are still found in Argentina, the exotic home of an exotic stone.

Rhodochrosite is said to be the “love drawing stone”, to help release past psychological issues and improve eyesight. It is  thought to help us welcome all change and be adventuresome and take chances, to urge us to pay attention to our hearts. When change calls to you or falls into your life, rhodochrosite may just help you open your arms and embrace it.

Rhodonite:

Rosy pink rhodonite with its dark inclusions is manganese metasilicate which has a Mohs hardness rating of 5.5 to 6.5. Rhodonite comes from Sweden, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada.

According to folklore, rhodonite soothes the nervous system. This gemstone vibrates with love. Just holding this gemstone promotes relaxation and brings a sense of well-being. This is a balance gemstone and is used to clear the psychic centers. Rhodonite raises self worth and helps ward off negativity. It has been known as a "rescue stone".

Rose Quartz:

Rose quartz, typically a cloudy translucent pink or slightly peach color, came to be known as the stone of love and reconciliation from the Greek myth about Aphrodite and Adonis. Their blood was commingled when Aphrodite was cut by a thorn bush while saving Adonis from an attack by Ares (disguised as a wild boar). Their blood stained white quartz to make it a rose-pink color. Later, it became customary for the Romans to use the stone as a gift of love. Rose quartz is found in a course-grained igneous rock (usually granite). Transparent rose quartz is rare, but best material comes from: Madagascar. The stone is found in quantity in Brazil, Colorado, Scotland and in the former USSR.

Rose quartz is associated with love, the heart and beauty, and is thought to be a healing aid for the heart chakra. Imbalances of this chakra have been said to cause colds, allergies and psychosomatic illnesses. When in balance, the heart chakra is thought to make one open to love and compassion. Some believe that rose quartz has calming effects and helps people develop strong friendships.

Sardonyx:

Sardonyx is a variant of onyx  in which the colored bands are sard (shades of red) rather than black. Black onyx is perhaps the most famous variety, but is not as common as onyx with colored bands. Artificial treatments have been used since ancient times to produce both the black color in "black onyx" and the reds and yellows in sardonyx. Dyeing was an art practiced by the Romans from early on, but it reached perfection in the 1820s in Oberstein, Germany, still
the world's center for the finest cutting and dyeing of agate. However, the details of the process remain a commercial secret.

The spiritual values of red and white-banded and red bull's eye sardonyx make these stones particularly powerful. In fact, they allow one to project such an incredible charisma. Those who study healing properties of gemstones suggest that this stone should be used with care so we don't overwhelm others. Much of black and white-banded sardonyx's power comes from its association with a particular body type--slender, quick-moving people who are intellectually active. If you're clever, versatile, highly verbal and have an optimistic disposition, those traits may be heightened when you wear black and white-banded sardonyx. Or you can wear it to help you control one of those traits if it's working against you. – Wearing sardonyx is said to encourage self-control and courage in public speaking nd relieve anxiety and grief. It is thought by many to provide protection, luck, and peace.

Turquoise:

Turquoise, a stone ranging in color from blue to green to yellow, is filled with patterns of brown and black matrix that are composed mainly of copper deposits. Although turquoise has captivated man's imagination for centuries, no one is sure exactly when it was discovered. Prehistoric people used and prized it for its blue-green colors because carved pieces have been found in burial and archeological sites spanning the globe. It has been used in religion, art, trade, treaty negotiations and as treasured jewelry to many kingdoms and peoples. Whether you study ancient Egyptians, Chinese Dynasties, Aztec Mythology or Native American people, it seems clear that turquoise has always been and always will be considered a stone of life, beauty, and good fortune. Turquoise is a secondary mineral deposited from circulating waters, and is found in Iran, Africa, Australia, Siberia, Europe, and the US.

Turquoise is a birthstone of Sagittarius (Archer): Nov. 22-Dec. 21 and the anniversary gemstone for the fifth (5) year of marriage.  Many believe that it encourages enthusiasm, thus inspiring new projects and bringing to light undiscovered artistic abilities. It provides understanding and encourages attention to detail while attracting prosperity and success. The coppery matrix within natural turquoise provides a large amount of energy to its wearer. This may be one reason why the stone has long been prized as a powerful talisman with healing properties. It is believed that turquoise can help balance the blue throat chakra, enhancing the ability to communicate while increasing resistance to viruses, helping to relieve sore throats and allergies.

Chalk turquoise is a form of natural turquoise that has a white chalk-like consistency. It has the same chemical composition as turquoise, only without the copper (it's the copper that causes the blue turquoise color). It is dyed pleasing colors and stabilized to produce beads that are hard enough to use in jewelry.


Unakite:


Unakite’s spring colors and hard structure make it a nice stone for jewelry. It was named for the Unaka Mountains in the Southeastern U.S.A., where it was first discovered, but is mined in the U.S.A., South Africa, Brazil, and China. Legend is that unakite helps us to live in the present instead of dwelling on the past. Unakite's past is a long road of blood and slaughter.

Unakite is a beautiful olive to spring green with light to dark salmon splotches. Unakite is an opaque granitic rock with aggregate of quartz, feldspar and epidote, Unakite is often referred to as epidotized granite and is a mixture of pink feldspar, green epidote, and quartz.

Unakite is said to help unify the emotional, spiritual, mental and spiritual aspects of self. Unakite provides gentle release for things that inhibits one's growth and creates the clarity necessary for responsible decision-making. Unakite is also a good protection stone. Unakite is a stone with gentle but powerful energy which fosters realization of the oneness of all life.  Unakite is purported to stimulate the health of the heart and circulatory systems.

The gemstone information above is for the enjoyment of those accessing Melson Gem Crafts website. The information has not been written by the owner of this website or any affiliate but has been imported and compiled from many websites who have used the following sources:

The Curious Lore of Precious Stones by G.F. Kunz. J.D. Lippincott. 1913
The Mineral Gallery
http://mineral.galleries.com/
The Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom
http://www.minerals.net/
International Colored Gemstone Association
http://gemstone.org/
National Audubon Society Field Guide to Rocks and Minerals , Alfed A. Knopf 1979
Stones - Their Collection, Identification and Uses by R. V. Dietrich. Geoscience Press. 1980
Guide to Gems and Precious Stones Simon & Schuster 1986
Gemstones of the World by Walter Schumann. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc.
Gems and Jewelry by Joel E. Arem. Geoscience Press. 1992
Gems in Myth, Legend, and Lore by Bruce G. Knuth. Jeweler's Press 1999
Healing Crystals by Cassandra Eason. Vega 2003
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki